Lohikeitto is a creamy Finnish salmon soup with a rich but delicate flavour.
Also known as laxsoppa in Sweden, I first tried Finnish salmon soup while in Porvoo, Finland. I was crazy enough to visit Finland in the winter.
I’m Canadian so the weather in Finland is exactly the same as Canada so it wasn’t so bad. And it was an amazing adventure, locals showed me the Kallio neighbourhood in Helsinki, where you can find the cheapest drinks.
But one of the best days was hanging out with Kaisa and her friends in Porvoo. It’s a small city less than an hour outside Helsinki and while tourists flock there in the summer, it’s not common to see them in the summer.
Kaisa invited me over to lunch and I spent the day getting to know her friends. It was a really special time. We also cooked together…well she cooked, I watched.
But she made lohikeitto for lunch, a traditional Finnish salmon soup.
It reminded me a lot of home as I grew up in the Maritimes eating cream-based chowders and soups. And although it’s been years since I have seen Kaisa and her friends.
I remember that day, and the soup like it was last week.
One of my Finnish friends in Canada told me that Finnish people were standoffish, but I found it quite the opposite.
What is Nordic Food?
Northern European food is very trendy right now. The hottest countries in the world hail from Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland.
Canada never gets any praise for its gastronomy.
True, we’re not sexy Scandinavians, but we are also a nordic, or northern country. And when I read recipes for nordic food I almost always think of a similar Canadian dish.
We also needed to pickle and preserve fish, meat and berries in the warm months to survive the cold ones.
While Finland is famous for reindeer, Canadians have great caribou and our venison is amazing.
But Canada is so big that we can never really agree on the identity of our national cuisine. It’s only very recently that Canadian restaurant signalled using local food, traditional recipes.
It once meant you were likely to get burgers or pizza.
They remind me that sometimes they best recipes are the ones we’ve been making for generations.
What Kind of Salmon is Best?
I used wild pink salmon in this recipe.
There are few things that I will not eat as long as they aren’t endangered species. However, as a rule I try not to eat Atlantic salmon. It is a species that has been over farmed for so many years because as consumers we want cheap food.
The demand was so high Atlantic salmon farming was introduced to the Pacific Coast and some escaped pens and now they exist on both coasts.
But this is bad as their presence has harmed the wild salmon population with their diseases. In fact they were once so diseased they farms used antibiotics on them.
Although antibiotic usage has decreased I’d still rather not eat Atlantic salmon.
In a perfect world, I’d make this dish with rainbow trout. A freshwater fish that is sustainably farmed. It has the pink flesh that makes this dish beautiful.
Getting technical the name for this dish becomes Kalakeitto which is a more generic fish soup, not specifically salmon.
Do I Really Need to Use Fish Stock?
I see many fish soup recipes call for fish stock. Growing up in a Maritime province I never saw anyone use a fish stock.
Later moving to Toronto I found stock in fish markets and it was always so expensive.
Here are four options for this soup:
- Buy a litre of fish stock, it’s expensive but it’s an option.
- Use vegetable stock.
- If your salmon has a skin you can add it to the pot when cooking the vegetables and remove it at the end.
- Use water. I don’t think it needs stock at all. When you cook the vegetables you are making a stock and later the salmon flavours the soup.
How to Make Lohikeitto Healthier
While most of the ingredients in this Finnish salmon soup are healthy, wild salmon has lots of good fat and is good to eat. However, it becomes a bit calorie dense as it requires a cup of cream.
If you want to lighten up Lohikeitto you can use milk in place of cream., But you cannot use 1% or skim milk. Homogenous milk at 2% milk fat is the lowest you can go. Otherwise the milk will split.
Technically at 2% milk fat you should be able to freeze this creamy soup. But I’ve never had the opportunity to do so as everyone eats it.
3 More Easy Ways to Thicken Soup
- Take 1/3 of the root vegetables and puree them when the dish is done and add them back into the soup. This is one of my favourite methods.
- Beurre Manié – it translates to kneaded butter. Take equal parts room temperature butter and flour and mix together either with your hands or with a whisk. The butter coats the flour and allows it to thicken the stew while giving it a rich buttery taste. However, the key is to make sure that the flour and butter are thoroughly mixed like a soft paste. This recipe only needs for 2 tablespoons of each and I think it’s easier to do with your hands.
- Thicken with a mix of cornstarch and water. Take a cup of the soup liquid and add a tablespoon of corn starch to it. Mix thoroughly before adding to stew.
Lohikeitto: Finnish Salmon Soup Recipe
I could not believe how creamy and rich this Finnish salmon soup could be with only 7 ingredients. I do think it gets better with time so make a big batch and so you can also eat some the next day.
Variations of the Lohikeitto recipe
- Some recipes call for allspice and bay leaf. It’s a personal preference
- Some recipes also use fresh dill in the beginning of the cooking rather than adding it at the end but I think it diminishes the freshness of the herb.
- I use russet potatoes, which are more commonly known as a baking potato. It has a great starchiness but you can use whatever potato you prefer.
- I do like a bit of spicy chowder. My uncle makes seafood chowder with a bit of spice. I think the Slap Ya Mama cajun season that he uses would be a great addition at the end. You can simply add it to bowls so people who don’t like spicy food can eat it as well.
- 1/4 cup unsalted butter
- 2 cups leeks, sliced crosswise about 3/4 of one leek, green part only
- 2.5 cups russet potatoes, peeled about 1 lb, in a half inch dice
- 1.5 cups carrot, sliced about 2 large carrots
- 4 cups fish stock
- 1 lb salmon cut into 1-inch pieces
- 1 cup 35% cream
- 1 cup fresh dill, chopped
- kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
- Heat butter in a heavy bottomed pot over medium heat. Once melted, add leeks and cook for 5 minutes until translucent
- Adjust to high heat. Add potatoes, carrot and fish stock. Bring to a boil. Then turn to back to medium and let vegetables simmer about 10 minutes or until they are cooked through.
- Add salmon and cream and simmer for 4-5 minutes until done.
- Season to taste with salt and pepper. Garnish with fresh dill.
Nutrition Information:Yield: 8 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 370Total Fat: 25gSaturated Fat: 12gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 11gCholesterol: 86mgSodium: 298mgCarbohydrates: 20gFiber: 3gSugar: 4gProtein: 18g
Nutritional information is provided as a courtesy and is an estimate only. This information comes from online calculators. Although BaconisMagic.ca attempts to provide accurate nutritional information, these figures are only estimates.
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